Is Icarus sorry?
1. Reflection: Why is it significant that Icarus "isn't sorry"? What might he be sorry for? Do you think he should be sorry? Why or why not? It might help to consider other versions of the Icarus myth. To me the significance of Icarus isn’t sorry, is the fact that in the poem it stated that he rehearsed and rehearsed flight. That being said, I think he probably already new the boundaries of the wings and for that reason he isn’t sorry, he was used to testing the limits. Icarus could have been sorry for dis obeying his father and in a result costing him his life. In addition, Icarus should have been sorry as besides costing him his life he caused his father a great deal of pain. Perhaps Icarus’s death might also cause pain for the father as maybe he didn’t stress how serious the consequences would be if he disobeyed.
2. Looking ahead: Something completely different! Look up the term dystopia in Wikipedia. The wikipedia article on "dystopia" has some useful definitions of the elements of a dystopia (and I've borrowed these terms for the powerpoint presentation in the course). Have you seen any of the movies referred to in the article? Choose one and describe how it meets the characteristics. Can you add any alternate suggestions of book or movie (or television show) titles?
Once I found out the meaning of “Dystopia”, I immediately related it to the book “1984” which I read in high school and realized this before I seen it on the book list. I think “1984” hits the nail on the head when it comes to Dystopia’s meaning. For example, how the characters are at the total mercy of the economy and afraid to speak out against it. In addition to the economy of “1984”, the term “Big brother is watching you” and how everything you did was being watched and the only way for characters to convey a personal message was through code. The other example of using Dystopia was the movie “Demolition man” as it basically was a world very similar to “1984” and even more as it’s “new laws” actually gave criminals more rights than they have today. The society in “Demolition man” was designed to only benefit the wealthy, leaving the other citizens to live beneath the streets of a future version of Los Angeles, a very good example.

TEA paragraph and #2
#1. The presentation of Persephone as directed by Rita Dove is a typical parents worst nightmare. Dove demonstrates this in the poem with “She strayed away from the herd…go straight to school…don’t answer to strangers”. Lets face it how many parents fear the consequences of their child not following the norm. If Persephone had obeyed these rules perhaps she could have spared herself a lifetime of hurt in the arms of Hades.
The image that Eavan Boland creates of Persephone is that of a child left to fend for itself or given up on. Boland uses this line to highlight this “ an exiled child in the crackling dusk of the underworld “. I mean Persephone had to protect herself in the underworld, as her mother was unable to enter. Even though she may have done things to get herself in this position, once their, she was alone without someone to protect her.

#2. Auden makes use of Icarus by discussing the fall and how it might have not happened if he obeyed his father’s guidelines. I think the myth is popular due to the fact that most males have went against their fathers instructions and a bad experience comes about as a result. Likewise with Persephone, she strayed away from the pack, as some women tend to do and got mixed up with a person, who at the time shares a like interest but soon reveals an ulterior motive. I think many people growing up have traveled these beaten paths with some learning from it and not repeating, but unfortunately some get stuck in the revolving door of difficulty.

Blog 9 Love song
#1. Reflection: Why do you think it is called “The love song of J Alfred Prufock”? The first thing you might want to ask yourself is if it is ironic. For me, the poem was granted this title as it is written about a transitional period in person’s life and how this person views love and companionship. I mean the person discussed in the poem is described as a person in the middle of the road or midlife period. Throughout the poem the character under the microscope seems to lack confidence or has lost faith in himself. The irony of this poem is the title leads you to believe the poem is about love but in reality it’s about a man who views himself in a negative fashion and lets the reader see him questioning love and possibly why it is nonexistent for him. In addition the poem discusses how the mans features, which gives the reader a lack luster image. The poem also throws the mans emotions into the blender and gives the reader a glimpse of his mixed train of thought.

#2. Looking ahead. Find out something about the story of Demeter and Persephone. What do you think are some universal themes in that myth?
Demeter and Persephone are known as Greek gods, in which they are the rulers or gods of growth and death. During the story Persephone was abducted by Hades (God of the underground) and forced Persephone to marry him. Demeter learns what has happened and pushes her god like agenda to the side as the sorrow of what has happened to her daughter consumes her thought. In addition, Demeter began to search for her daughter, but eventually Zeus stepped in and ordered Hades to give back Persephone in which Hades agrees under his conditions and stipulations. The universal themes that hit me was the disguised fruit or forbidden fruit, which is seen in everything from Snow white (poison apple) to Adam and Eve, perhaps touching on temptation and the outcome with the chance of being irreversible. On the other hand, I noticed the strength of the term suffering. For example how even the gods are fooled and become subject to suffering and how eventhough Demeter got her daughter back, the conditions of the return created a lifetime of suffering.

Extended Metaphors
#1. The usage of extended metaphors used to describe growing up, in the poems “miracle” by Harry Thurston, “Packing for the future: instructions” by Lorna Crozier and “The Writer” by Richard Wilbur. Thurston gives us this example “explaining that the flower will turn into a strawberry” (684). Crozier uses this example “in your bag leave room for sadness” (673). Wilbur throws in this example “On her life is a great cargo, and some of it heavy” (589). Coming to terms with these extended metaphors giving us examples of growing up. They also provide us insight on how things start as one thing and grow to become another with rough areas along the way. I mean lets face it we all start out as the small blossom and eventually are life experiences being good and bad shape us and help the growth into adulthood.

#2. Sylvia Plath is described as a well-educated and successful woman, however in the poem the hints of how she was unable to control her destiny are apparent. The comparison used in the poem was alike a Holocaust survivor. Plath’s life with her father is described as controlled and cold. In addition, the control over her own life that was an ongoing battle, which she eventually took, was evident. Sylvia uses comparisons from a reality base being her marriage in which a small glimpse is provided. Plath suffered from severe depression and was recognized and slotted under the heading of confessional poetry, perhaps this allowed a type of writing that would fit her dramatic yet poetic life. In addition I don’t think someone like Sylvia Plath would want to be remembered in the way that Wintersons style would portray. Due to the information that I have obtained, I feel the best way to tell ones story is to provide examples from that individuals life experience with the goal of helping the reader get a feel for what the individual has been through and can allow them to relate to the person in question.

Oedipus our beloved king, blog week 7
#1.With all our love, we sadly announce the passing of our beloved king, Oedipus. A loving father, who will be survived by his four children, Polynices, Etcocles, Antigone and Ismene. Born to father Laius and mother Jocasta. Oedipus will always feel the love of his wife and mother Jocasta and will reunite with his father. Oedipus was given up at birth and was saved by a shepherd, who raised him and only found out later in his life that he was not in the company of his biological father. Oedipus will be remembered for leading a tough life. Our king possessed a love for gardening and had a different view of the incest taboo. The family would like to thank all who played a vital role in Oedipus’s life. His name will live on as it has taken home in Freud’s Psychoanalytical paradigm of Psychology.
To Oedipus with all are love.

#2. The use of extended metaphors in the poem “This be the Verse” by Phillip Larkin is extremely vibrant. “ They F#*k you up, your mum and dad……, they were f#*ked up in their turn… hands on misery to man”. Firstly Larkin describes the relation between “you” and your parents. In the second stanza Larkin describes the relationship between your parents and their parents. In the third frame the author uses the term “misery” for the destiny that provides the link from generation to generation.

Blog week 6, Oedipus
#1. With one essay in the books and two still awaiting, I would like to believe that the course is going well thus far. In addition, the short stories that I have enjoyed so far have been a little more graphic than I am accustomed too, but often are full of literary content and deliver an underlying message. I have found the introduction to binaries extremely interesting as now I feel I have developed the tools to identify them in the readings. I am excited to gain experience in reading poetry and how to dissect it, with the goal to better understand it. On the other hand the only fear I have is mixing up literary meanings and providing examples for the wrong meanings. All in all I am pumped to take on these new challenges that in turn will build on my understanding of literature. I am looking forward to the reading of “never let me go” at the end of the course and possibly doing a college style book report on the story.

Part 2.

A. Hamartia is often described as an injury committed in ignorance. The example used to describe Hamartia is when Oedipus is unaware to the truth about his parents. In addition while Oedipus is attempting to avoid his fate, he inevitably brings about events that in the end fulfill the prophecy.
B. Hubris is described as actions that shamed and humiliated the victim for pleasure or gratification of the abuser. Oedipus shows us use arrogance when the messenger tells him that his father has died, and arrogantly he believes he has escaped the fate of the oracles have predicted, thus defying the gods.
C. Catharsis is defined as to purify or cleanse, or to purge, the overwhelming feeling, emotion that an audience may experience thus leading to their sudden relaxation or realization of what has happened. This “cleansing” happens in the play when Oedipus gouges his eyes out in shock and sadness when he discovers that he indeed is married to his mother and killed his father, just as the prophecy said.
D. Peripeteia is described as “a change by which the action veers round to its opposite, subject always to our rule of probability or necessity “. Peripeteia is an abrupt change of events or turning point in the play. This turning point occurs when Oedipus receives that message that he is not the son of polybus as he thought, but rather the son to the king of Thebes, Laius.
E. Anagnorisis is a moment in a play when a character makes a critical discovery. Anagnorisis occurs when Oedipus discovers that he had fulfilled the prophecy, by killing his father, king Laius, and marrying his mother, queen of Thebes.

Intertextuality/metafiction Blog #3
#1. Macleod’s use of the story “David Copperfield” and more importantly the mentioning of the characters “The Peggottys”. In the story “The Boat” they discuss how the Peggottys from the story “David Copperfield” loved the sea and how Ham followed in his fathers footsteps to have a life at sea, similar to the mother’s families lust for the sea and the following of generations into the life at sea in the story “the boat”. You see the father in the story “the boat” was an extremely unselfish man who gave up his dreams and aspirations of going to university to raise his family by fishing the sea a job he never loved. Much the same is said about the character Ham peggotty in the story “David Copperfield” as he is described, as a self-sacrificing character that puts others needs in front of his own. In addition to these similarities shared by these two characters they also shared a similar fate, as they both died at sea, more importantly they perished due to their unselfish personalities.

#2. “Metafiction” is described as a form of fiction in which the texts either directly or through the characters within is or are aware that it is a form of fiction. I suppose for me, metafiction is anything that gives rise to obvious self-awareness or self reference. A good example of this in film format is when an actor gives the audience a smile during the film as to say I know this is a movie. A film that I enjoy which happens to use lots of metafiction is “Fight Club”. In “Fight Club the use of characters referring or speaking to themselves in a first person tone or state is plentiful. At one pint the main character even addresses the fact that his fictional personality is just made up and not real. In addition the main character actually fights his made up personality at the end of the movie explaining to the audience that the fight resulted in no winner, thus reminding us that he is aware of the fictional character.

Blog # 2 Eng 160
In the story “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro, the author describes the settings in which each character abides in a lucidly vivid manner sometimes positive and sometimes negative. The narrator who turns out to be the little girl in the story, candidly lets the audience know how she feels about her mother and her daily duties, as well as, where they take place. In addition she also describes her fathers duties and the setting where they take place. Throughout the story the narrator is describes her fathers settings in a positive manner, which leads the reader to understand how she adores him, and would nothing more than to be viewed as another son. On the other hand, the little girl is unsure of what being a girl is all about, which perhaps might be due to the mother putting the narrators needs on the back burner. I believe that the binary of outside vs. inside is described as the inside being where her mother resides and is described in a negative tone where their isn’t even time to have a conversation. On the other hand her father is outside embarking on excitement and providing a feeling of self worth to the narrator every time she is called upon to lend a hand. The binaries blaze on with mother and father, alive or dead, light and dark. The story left me thinking about these variables clashing and the narrator’s attempts to understand them.

#2. The thought of intertextuality, or as I describe it as referencing or talking about other literary pieces in the story under the microscope. The first reference I noticed as I wandered into the story “ The Boat “ by Alistair McLeod is from “The return of the native” by Thomas Hardy. Hardy speaks of a character by the name of Eustacia Vye who is described as an outcast early in the story. She ends up marrying a man, but soon into the marriage her husband becomes blind and people in the society believe she is a witch. In addition she kills her husbands mother and she herself ends up falling or maybe jumping to her rocky death on the beach below. Thus cancelling her dreams and becoming trapped in time. The second reference made in the story “The Boat” is to the story “Moby Dick” and the whale ship from the story the Nantucket. The plot of “Moby Dick” creates the illusion of an epic showdown between a vengeful captain and a mystical beast. All the men aboard the vessel have the same goal in mine, to kill the beast (whale) and are willing to follow the captains every move, except for one man. The one man named Ishmel (who is also the narrator) views the whale as a wonderful creature, a complete opposite of his fellow crewmembers and for this difference in his belief of the whale his life is sparred. The final intextual illusion comes in the form of a character by the name of Ham peggoty from the story “David Copperfield” by Charles dickens. Ham was a large man, a boat builder and lived in a converted boat on the beach. The part that seems all too fitting of Ham’s self-sacrificing character is the way he passes. Peggoty ends up giving his life while trying to save people stranded on a boat during a terrible storm. More importantly one person on the boat which he was attempting to save turns out to be the man that caused Ham a great deal of pain, his ex-wife’s new husband, talk about sacrifice.

This be the verse
#1. “ This be the verse “ by Phillip Larkin, is an interesting piece using a variety of the great literature criteria. The first thing I noticed in the passage was the use of the “F” word, which added a feeling of seriousness and some real emotion that grabbed my attention. The next thing I noticed was how Larkin addresses the excerpt to the reader or as he states it “you” or “your” and then proceeds to create rhyme throughout the poem. In addition the picture or image that the author created for me felt as though it might have been set in the old world wear top hats and suits were common dress and also might have displayed the area that Larkin grew up in. On the other hand the term soppy-stern which was often used to describe parents in the early 1900s as they were said to be discipline and strict with a sentimental mushy side to them. Next I notice a change in tone with word usage and ends up leaving me with a scientific feel by using a comparison to the coastal shelf. Shifting to the end of the work, the author makes a statement, which for me was kind of a hidden message or a sarcastic remark. I mean lets face it no matter how children receive it parents always tend to do something that they are held accountable that may be interpreted positively or negatively. We have all heard teenagers blame their parents for anything that doesn’t swing their way. I think this poem definitely contains enough of the criteria to be considered real literature. Universal to say the least, teenagers all over the world are probably feeling and experiencing some of these thoughts and feelings as we speak. I believe Larkin is just letting them no they are not alone, as he is one of or was one of them.

#2. The story “ Simple recipes “ shares many similar traits with Larkin’s poem “This be the verse “. Simple recipes highlights flaws that most people carry throughout life, which were probably modeled from their parents and continue to pass them down to their children. The theme in this short story deepens as it is recited through the eyes of a child who is witnessing the harsh realities of the way her family functions. Eventhough the two pieces share a connection, such as, the theme of the impeding battle that many children encounter with their parents during the early stages of adolescents. In addition, how we develop our personalities from these experiences and tend to treat others the way we have been treated. On the other hand “ Simple recipes “ seems to broaden its scope by encompassing cultural identity into the mix as well. The complications rose in “ Simple recipes “ by keying off the child’s innocence and describing what she sees daily and how she interprets right from wrong. In my opinion the father in “ Simple recipes “ did exactly what Larkin’s poem described and obviously was disciplined in the same manner that he was disciplining his son.


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